One Stop Centre Scheme

Blog By-

Neeraj Singh Manhas.   


Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is a global health, human rights, and development issue that cuts across geography, class, culture, age, race, and religion to affect every community and country on the planet. Gender-based abuse is defined in Article 1 of the 1993 UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence as “an act of gender-based violence in public or private life.” The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) has announced the launch of a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the establishment of One Stop Centres (OSC), a sub scheme of the Umbrella Scheme for the National Mission for Women’s Empowerment, which includes the Indira Gandhi Mattritav Sahyaog Yojana. The scheme, popularly known as Sakhi, has been in effect since April 1, 2015. These OSCs are being established across the country in stages to provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence in both private and public spaces. The current paper concentrated on the functioning system of India’s one-stop centre.

Keywords: Nirbhaya Fund, One Stop Centre, Performance of One Stop Centre


The Government of India’s Ministry of Finance has established the “Nirbhaya Fund” with an initial corpus of Rs. 1000 crores. A total of Rs. 1000 crore has been allocated to the Nirbhaya Fund for the fiscal years 2014-15 and 2015-16. The 12th Plan Working Group on Women’s Agency and Empowerment recommended, on a trial basis, the establishment of One Stop Crisis Centres to provide shelter, police desk, legal, medical, and counselling services to victims of violence under one roof, integrated with a 24-hour Helpline.

The Justice Usha Mehra Commission, established to recommend measures to improve women’s safety, recommended in its report submitted on February 22, 2013, the establishment of a “one-stop centre” at a notified hospital to assist victims of sexual assault and ensure swift punishment for perpetrators.

One Stop Centres (OSC) are designed to assist women who have been victims of violence in both private and public spaces, as well as within the family, community, and workplace, in all forms of violence. Women who have reached out or been referred to the OSC and are experiencing violence as a result of attempted sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, trafficking, honour-related crimes, acid attacks, or witch-hunting will be provided with specialised services. In the first phase of this scheme, one OSC was to be established in each state/UT to facilitate access to an integrated range of services such as medical, legal, and psychological support. In India, there are currently 170 One Stop Centres in operation. The OSC worked in tandem with 181 and other existing helplines. Women who have been victims of violence and require services could be referred to OSC via this helpline. Currently, the Ministry of Home Affairs is developing an Emergency Response System that will function as a single emergency number for the purpose of ensuring women’s safety, and this will eventually be integrated with OSC.

Objectives of the One Stop Centre

The Scheme’s main goals are as follows:

  • To provide all types of support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces, under one roof; and
  • To facilitate immediate, emergency, and non-emergency access to a range of services, including medical, legal, psychological, and counselling support, all under one roof, in order to combat any form of violence against women.


The OSC provides assistance to all women, including girls under the age of 18, who have been victims of violence. Institutions and authorities established under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act of 2012 linked with the OSC for girls under the age of 18.

Services Under One Stop Centre

  1. Emergency Response and Rescue Services: OSC offers rescue and referral services to women who have been victims of violence. This will be linked with existing mechanisms such as the National Health Mission (NHM), 108 services, and police (PCR Van) so that women who have been victims of violence can be rescued and referred to the nearest medical facility (public/private) or shelter home.
  2. Medical Assistance: Women affected by violence would be referred to the nearest Hospital for medical aid/examination which would be undertaken as per the guidelines and protocols developed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  3. Psycho-Social Support/Counselling: On-call services for psychosocial counselling would be provided by a skilled counsellor. This counselling process will give women the confidence and support they need to confront violence or seek justice for the violence they have witnessed. Counsellors must adhere to a set of ethics, guidelines, and protocols when providing counselling services.
  4. Legal Aid and Counselling: To help women affected by violence gain access to justice, legal aid and counselling would be provided at OSC by impanelled lawyers or the National/State/District Legal Service Authority. The aggrieved woman would be provided with a choice of advocate to assist the State Prosecutors in trying her case (Section 24(8) of the Code of Criminal Procedure as amended by Section 3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009). It would be the Lawyer/responsibility Prosecutor’s to simplify legal procedures for the aggrieved woman and advocate for her exemption from court hearings. If the trial or inquiry relates to a rape offence as defined in sections 376, 376A-D IPC, it is the duty of the Prosecutors trying the case to complete the inquiry or trial as far as possible within two months of the filing of the charge sheet (Section 309 of the Code of Criminal Procedure as amended by Section 21 of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013).
  5. Shelter: The OSC offers temporary shelter to women who have been wronged. Swadhar Greh/Short Stay Homes (managed/affiliated with government/NGO) will be contacted for long-term shelter needs. Women who have been victims of violence, as well as their children (girls of all ages and boys up to the age of eight), can seek temporary shelter at the OSC for a maximum of five days. Any woman’s admission to the temporary shelter would be at the discretion of the Centre Administrator.
  6. Video Conferencing Facility: The OSC offers video conferencing to speed up and simplify police and court proceedings (through Skype, Google Conferencing etc.). If the aggrieved woman so desires, she can record her statement for police/courts from the OSC itself using audio-video electronic means as prescribed by sections 161(3), 164(1), and 275(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and section 231(1) in accordance with Order XVIII Rule 4 of the Code of Civil Procedure. This service will be provided only after consultation with the Superintendent of Police, District and Sessions Judge of the relevant district (place of incident).



Funding for the Scheme

The scheme is funded by the Nirbhaya Fund. Under the Scheme, the Central Government will provide complete financial assistance. The District Collector/District Magistrate is in charge of day-to-day implementation and administrative matters.

At the central level, the MoWCD is in charge of budgetary regulation and scheme administration. After obtaining the necessary approvals, the MoWCD transfers the funds to the concerned District Collector/District Magistrate. The District Collector/District Magistrate maintains a separate bank account for an OSC scheme.

Evaluation on working of One Stop Centre

Domestic Violence Cancelling Centres (DVCC) were established by the central government in 2009, and they were renamed Nirbhaya Centres (NC) in 2015. The MoWCD launched the Sakhi-One Stop Centre scheme on April 1, 2015, to provide a common platform for understanding, discussing, and deliberating on strengthening multisector responses to violence against women. It aims to facilitate access to an integrated range of services including medical aid, police assistance, legal aid, and case management, psychosocial counselling, and temporary support services to women affected by violence. There are currently 170 Sakhi OSCs operating in 32 states/UTs. Approximately 70,000 cases have been reported at these centres so far. However, despite the fact that the Sakhi OSC scheme was launched with the best intentions and goals, it did not reach the target population as expected, due to the following reasons:

  1. The majority of OSCs are run by non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
  2. Christian Organizations account for more than a quarter of the OSCs operating NGOs.
  3. Women who have been victims of violence are not aware of the OSCs.
  4. Women who have experienced violence do not have a strong belief in OSCs, but they do have a strong belief in Women Police Stations.
  5. Clearly, the women victims are approaching the OSCs, but they are not receiving adequate justice.
  6. OSC-operated NGOs are misinforming monitoring authorities and submitting false or fabricated reports to the government.
  7. The majority of cases reported at OSCs are DV, Adultery, and Financial cases.
  8. Following the Supreme Court’s decision that adultery is not a crime under Section 437 of the Indian Penal Code, a large number of cases have been transferred to elder’s panchayats, women’s police stations, and family courts for divorce.
  9. A Study of the Working System of the One-Stop-Shop Scheme Some Christian organisations are attempting to convert the religions of the women who have been approached.
  10. Former DVC& Nirbhya Centre employees are not interested in working for an NGO because they are opposed to OSCs; instead, they want to work for their mother departments. The central government must invest crores of rupees in this scheme.


  1. Combine the OSC and Shelter Homes under one roof, under the direct control and administration of the Women and Child Development Department.
  2. Provide employment opportunities to female victims through a variety of short-term training programmes.
  3. After providing the victim women with an occasional training programme, assist them in obtaining financial resources to start their own businesses/shops/employment. If it is not possible to provide the victim women with cash up to Rs. 5 Lacks.






Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save girl child, Educate a girl child)

Blog By-

Neeraj Singh Manhas.     


Girls play an important role in a country’s cultural, social, political, and economic life. Our constitution places a high value on girls’ equality of status and opportunities. This paper investigates how girls’ education can be improved by disseminating information to all in a variety of meaningful ways. Girls’ education should be prioritised in terms of national development. The BETI PADHAO scheme has been briefly highlighted in this paper BETI BACHAO. The goal of this paper is also to provide some information to all readers about the problems, challenges, and constitutional and legal provisions that apply to girls. According to the national education policy (1986), “education for girls should be prioritised not only for reasons of social justice, but also because it accelerates social transformation.” My paper wishes to emphasise that educated men cannot exist in the absence of educated girls.

Keywords: Girl, Save, Empowerment, Education, Government Schemes.


It is a social campaign launched by the Government of India to raise awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services for girls. This campaign called for the abolition of female foeticide and solicited suggestions from Indian citizens. Prime Minister NARINDER MODI launched the BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO scheme on 22 January 2015. It is a national initiative co-led by the ministries of girls and child development, health and family welfare, and human resource development to address the issue of declining child sex ratios. According to census data, India’s child sex ratio (0-6 years) was 933 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2001, but it fell to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2011. According to a 2012 UNICEF report, India ranked 41st out of 195 countries. According to the 2011 population census, India’s population ratio is 943 females for every thousand males. The 2011 sex ratio shows an upward trend when compared to the 2001 census data. “When you educate a man, you educate a man,” the saying goes, “but when you educate a woman, you educate a generation.” Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao is a social awareness campaign that encourages parents to celebrate the birth of a baby girl rather than be disappointed. For hundreds of years, Indian families have not rejoiced in the birth of a girl child, not only in rural areas, but also in urban circles. On top of that, orthodox families used to resort to female foeticide or abandoning the girl child, if she was born at all. Due to social and family constraints, the girls were unable to attend school or pursue higher education.

Importance of Girls Education

“Mobilizing the world’s women is the quickest way to change society.” — Malikleo, Charles There are currently 31 million primary school-aged girls who are not enrolled. In Sierra Leone, a girl is more likely to be sexually abused than to attend high school, and one in every nine girls in the developing world marries before the age of 15. There are 4 million more girls than boys who are not in school, and three countries have over a million girls who are not in school. There are 774 million illiterate people in the world, with women constituting two-thirds of the total. To many, these figures are just numbers on a page, but for the 31 million girls, they are a harsh reality. In 2018, statistics like these are incomprehensible and simply unacceptable. Today, we have the resources and the ability to end these realities once and for all, but as a global society, we sit back and let them continue. What makes this possible? According to Amnesty International, you have the right to sit silently by while a fellow human being is persecuted, tortured, oppressed, or abused, as well as the right to speak out. “Now is the time to speak up and fight for our girls’ education.” Education for girls is about so much more than just learning. The benefits of ensuring a girl’s equal access to education, employment, and adequate health care will be passed on to her children (both boys and girls), community, and country.”

If all women in the world received a secondary education, child mortality would be cut in half, saving 3 million lives. Not just the lives of girls, but all of life. “All children are important, they have the same rights and deserve the same opportunities,” says Christina Taylor, Community & Bequests Officer for Plan International. “However, because girls face the double discrimination of being female and young, it is critical that we focus efforts specifically on addressing their disadvantages and systemic abuse.” According to UNESCO, if all women completed secondary school, 12 million children would be spared stunted growth and malnutrition. Given that malnutrition causes nearly half of all deaths in children under the age of five, it is undeniable that we must educate girls who will become mothers. It’s easy to see how a lack of education has a cascading effect on societies. A girl’s education not only provides knowledge, but it also provides her with power and awareness over her own life, which benefits everyone in the long run. According to UNESCO, if all mothers completed primary school, maternal deaths would be cut in half. Every child deserves to grow up with the love and guidance of their parents, and by denying girls’ education, we are increasing the chances of many children growing up without a mother.

People used to bury their daughters alive during the ignorance era, which the Holy Quran strongly condemned. It is completely illegal and haram to abort a foetus when it is four months old unless there is severe compulsion, according to the law. “Islam commands us to treat our daughters well,” it said, adding that there is no Islamic concept of girls bringing misfortune and disrespect. Education is very important in Islam, according to its teachings. According to the Prophet Muhammad, his followers should:

  • “Acquiring knowledge is obligatory on all Muslims, male and female.”
  • “From the cradle to the grave, seek knowledge.”
  • “Acquire knowledge, even if it means travelling to China.”
  • “Whoever goes forth in search of knowledge is striving hard in Allah’s way until his/her return.”

Aims and Objectives

  1. To put an end to sex discrimination against girls and the use of sex determination tests.
  2. To ensure the survival and safety of girls.
  3. To ensure girls’ participation in education and other areas.
  4. Organize a large-scale campaign to advance girls in all fields.
  5. To provide consultancy services in the areas of girls’ education and development;
  6. To act as a catalyst in promoting innovations and progress in girls’ education in the country; and to act as a catalyst in promoting innovations and progress in girls’ education in the country.

Problems Limiting Girls

  1. Rape and Sexual Assault

The sexual exploitation of girls is egregious, but it is symptomatic of society’s ongoing violence. The high rate of rape in India reflects this long-standing issue. These violations intersect with other margins to create a system of violence against girls based on caste, religion, region, or militarization in some of the most horrifying accidents that have come to light.

  1. Dowry Deaths

Even though the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961 prohibits the practice of dowry, the problem persists. We occasionally hear of girls being targeted by their in-laws for non-payment or partial payment of Dowry.

  1. Harassment in public Places

Girls have risen to the forefront of the economy as a result of modern economic change, and they have taken on new roles in business, government, and society. However, workplace violations have emerged as a major issue in the modern era.

  1. Domestic Violence

In India, it has been pointed out that incidents of domestic violence may have reduced but in some contexts, this violence’s have become means of limiting girls at home.

  1. Eve-Teasing

Eve teasing is common in public settings.


Some Constitutional and Legal Rights of Girls

  • Article 15 (1) states that the state shall not discriminate against any Indian citizen on the basis of gender.
  • Article 16 (2) states that no citizen shall be discriminated against or be ineligible for any employment or office under the state on the basis of gender.
  • Article 39 (a) requires the state to ensure that men and women have equal access to adequate means of subsistence.
  • The state shall make provisions for just and humane working conditions and maternity leave (article 42).
  • Gender equality before the law (Article 14).
  • The state’s goal is to improve its people’s nutrition and standard of living (Article 47).
  • Article 15 (3) requires the state to make any special provisions in favour of girls and children.
  • The Protection of Girls from Domestic Violence Act (2005) is a comprehensive piece of legislation in India that protects girls from all forms of domestic violence.
  • The Indecent Representation of Girls (Prohibition) Act of 1986 prohibits indecent representation of girls in advertisements, publications, writings, paintings, figures, or any other medium.
  • Dowry prohibition act (1961) prohibits the giving or taking of dowry from girls at any time before or after marriage.
  • The Legal Services Authorities Act (1987) guarantees Indian girls free legal services.
  • The National Commission of a Girl’s Act (1990) established a commission of girls to study and monitor all issues concerning girls’ constitutional and legal rights and safeguards.
  • The Minimum Wage Act of 1952 prohibits discrimination between male and female workers, as well as different minimum wages for them.
  • The Family Courts Act (1984) establishes family courts to expedite the resolution of family disputes.


Steps to Improve Education and Rights of a Girl

There are several steps that could be taken in India to improve education and the rights of girls. Increasing awareness is critical in promoting girls’ education in India, or anywhere else in the world for that matter. Individuals and organisations can educate the public about the importance of sending their female children to school and how it will benefit them in the long run. There are numerous ways to raise this awareness. Options include, but are not limited to, using media outlets such as television and radio stations, as well as newspapers and magazines, placing stickers in strategic locations, and going house to house to educate people about the importance of sending their female children to school. The goal would be to reach as many people as possible and provide them with the necessary information to encourage them to educate their children. Another critical means by which girls’ education in India can be carried out is through government policy. Government policies should require parents to send their children to school at a certain age. It should also make primary and secondary education mandatory for all children, regardless of gender. Punishments and sanctions could be imposed on parents who prevent their children from attending school based on this. The sanctions would be useful in forcing parents who do not want to send their children to school, particularly their female children, to do so regardless.

It is necessary to implement programmes and activities that encourage parents to send their children to school. First and foremost, the government could make primary and secondary education free of charge. This would eliminate the excuse of being unable to afford to send such children to school. Other forms of encouragement could include the provision of school uniforms and books for the children, as well as the provision of free meals for the children. The private sector, for example, could assist the government in this regard by covering some of the costs. Prior to the implementation of these programmes, such private establishments could organise scholarship programmes for children, with some of the scholarships specifically aimed at girls’ education in India. This would go a long way toward assisting parents who want to send their children to school but do not have the financial means to do so. Government and private organisations could also provide education loans.


Today’s women are acutely aware of their social, economic, intellectual, mental, and spiritual development. Their role, both inside and outside the home, has become an important feature of the country’s social and economic life. It will grow in importance. As a result, they cannot be denied an education at any cost, and greater attention should be paid to the issues of women’s training and development.


  1. K Sandeep Kumar, Rajeev Mullick (19 May 2017). “UP govt sounds alert over BetiBachao Beti Padhao scheme fraud”. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  2. Press Trust of India (28 March 2017). “Haryana govt cautions people against frauds under Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao scheme”. The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 June2017.
  3. “PM Narendra Modi invites ideas on “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao””. DNA India. 11October 2014. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  4. “PM to Launch ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ Programme from Haryana” Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  5. “PM Narendra Modi to launch ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ programme fromHaryana”.The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  6. Mohan, Rohini (30 June 2015). “How PM Modi’s Beti Bachao, Selfie Banao campaign became a rage to rewrite gender-skewed Haryana”. Economic Retrieved 1July 2015.
  7. Sanyal, Anindita 2015). “#SelfieWithDaughter Trends Worldwide After PM Modi’s Mann ki Baat”. NDTV. Retrieved 1 July 2015.




Anganwadi Services Scheme Under Umbrella ICDS

Blog By-

Neeraj Singh Manhas

Ph.D. Research Scholar

International Relations

Department of Political Science

Sardar Patel University, Gujarat 


This paper will be useful to policymakers, planners, training institutions, state government officials, and field functionaries who are committed to improving nutrition and health outcomes for women and children in our country. The Anganwadi Services Scheme (renamed ICDS) was piloted in 33 Community Development Blocks across our country to improve children’s nutrition and health; reduce morbidity, mortality, malnutrition, and school dropout among children and women; achieve effective coordination with allied departments for nutrition outcomes; and improve mothers’ and caregivers’ understanding of nutrition. It is an effort to report state government best practices/initiatives for wider dissemination among Anganwadi service providers under the ICDS umbrella so that they can learn, develop, and adapt replication techniques in their respective contexts. It would also enable them to carry out activities based on feedback, reflection, and analysis, resulting in more effective long-term nutrition programmes.

Keywords: Umbrella, ICDS, Anganwadi, Government, Services


As the Anganwadi Services Scheme has evolved over time, there have been numerous examples of innovative and effective models established by state governments that have produced positive results and have the potential to be scaled up. Other states could pilot or scale up additional ideas, such as graded best practices/potential good practises. The ICDS would enable state/UT governments to launch novel initiatives that have been shown to improve the availability, accessibility, and quality Replicable and sustainable (capability to self-support), they contribute to the initiative’s efficiency (optimal use of resources to improve outputs and outcomes), and they increase effectiveness (that is, its contribution to the achievement of the set objectives of the scheme in which the practise occurs).

Best practises are successful public policies that should be expanded to benefit a larger number of people. Expansion and institutionalisation of tried-and-true best practises necessitate strategy. In the Anganwadi Services sector, individuals, organisations, corporations, and development partners are taking innovative steps to improve nutrition and health outcomes. Spreading awareness of such procedures may aid in avoiding costly errors and wasting time. That is why documenting and sharing “best practises” is critical: it saves policymakers, officials, individuals, and organisations working in the Anganwadi Services sector time and money. To achieve large-scale, ongoing, and more successful interventions, knowledge of lessons learned, feedback, reflection, and analysis are required. To identify best practises, first analyse them according to the following criteria: effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, sustainability, and replication. To be useful in development, a best practise does not have to meet all of the above criteria. A best practise is a methodology or procedure that has been demonstrated to work consistently through experience and research. These methods must be shared and adopted by a larger number of people.


Under the umbrella of Integrated Child Development Services, the vision is to ensure the holistic physical, psychosocial, cognitive and emotional development of children under the age of six in child-friendly and gender-sensitive family, community, programme and policy environments with a particular focus on children under the age of three.


The scheme’s objectives are:

  1. It is important to recognise that growth and development deficits are cumulative and irreversible.
  2. Targeting young children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers to improve child survival, nutrition, development, and learning.
  3. Children’s full development potential and active learning capacity are enabled when early childhood development is holistically addressed.
  4. Extending the Centre’s reach to families and communities, recognising the need for service providers and volunteers to reach the most vulnerable age groups and communities.
  5. Encouraging local innovation and capacity building through decentralisation, flexibility, and community-based child care approaches.
  6. The most vulnerable and disadvantaged community groups (scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, minorities, etc.) must be reached.
  7. Strengthening convergence to address the interrelated needs of young children, girls, and women.
  8. A rights-based approach with women’s empowerment as a social quality mover.
  9. The ICDS Universalisation with Quality: Moving from Outlays to Child Related Outcomes.
  10. Securing good governance, accountability and community involvement.


The Anganwadi Services package includes the following six services:

  1. Supplementary Nutrition (SNP),
  2. Pre-school Non-formal Education,
  3. Nutrition & Health Education,
  4. lmmunization,
  5. Health Check-up, and
  6. Referral Services

The ICDS and Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme are becoming more closely aligned

MGNREGS and ICDS have been working together to build Anganwadi Centres in 2,534 backward blocks since 2015. 50, 000 AWCs are issued each year, with a total of 2 lakh AWCs issued by 2019. The objectives are to construct Pucca buildings for Anganwadis in 2,534 blocks, to serve the objectives of pre-school education, nutrition centres, semi-formal public health units, as well as community centres, to create long-term assets and improve village infrastructure, and also provide a creche facility for MGNREGS workers.

POSHAN Abhiyan (Prime Minister’s Comprehensive Nutrition Plan)

The first 1000 days of a child’s life are critical, including nine months of pregnancy, six months of exclusive breastfeeding, and six months to two years of treatment for malnutrition. In addition to increasing birth weight, timely intervention can help reduce infant and maternal mortality (MMR). An additional year of consistent intervention (until the child is three years old) would ensure that the gains of the first 1000 days are maintained. The Aanganwadi Centers should also prioritise the development of children aged three to six years (AWCs). The Mission’s goal is to reduce undernutrition and other related issues by coordinating a variety of nutrition-related programmes.

The Mission is to ensure that all MWCD nutrition programmes are directed at the same population. The NNM will ensure the convergence of various programmes such as Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, the MWCD Scheme for Adolescent Girls, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), the MoH&FW National Health Mission (NHM), the DW&S Swachh Bharat Mission, the CAF&PD Public Distribution System (PDS), and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).

National Nutrition Mission

It was implemented in 315 common districts identified in descending order of stunting prevalence from among 201 districts identified by NITI Aayog based on National Family Health Survey -4 data, 162 ISSNIP districts, and 106 Scheme for Adolescent Girls districts in 2017-18. 235 districts were established in fiscal year 2018-19 based on the status of undernutrition in various states/UTs based on the prevalence of stunting. In 2019-2020, the remaining districts will be covered. This program’s objectives are to –

  1. Prevent and reduce stunting in children (0- 6years) at a rate of 2% per year;
  2. Prevent and reduce under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0- 6years) at a rate of 2% per year;
  3. Reduce low birth weight (LBW) at a rate of 2% per year;
  4. Reduce the prevalence of Anaemia amongst young children (06-59months) at a rate of 3% per year; and
  5. Reduce the prevalence of Anaemia

Pictorial Handbook for Quality ECCE

The National ECCE Policy has been released by the Ministry of Women and Child Development of the Government of India. The Ministry has created a Quality Standards Framework for ECCE in order to improve infrastructure and service standards, care quality, stimulation, and learning. The framework identifies key principles, indicators, and best practises for ensuring the quality of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) services. Pictorial Handbook on Quality in Early Childhood Education- expands on the Policy’s vision of quality. It depicts various aspects of quality through images, provides glimpses of good practises in various dimensions of quality, and attempts to create a shared understanding of quality among people at all levels, from national-level functionaries to Anganwadi Workers/ECCE teachers/caregivers. It is a practitioner tool for use in ECCE centres by ECCE teachers/caregivers.

Given our country’s diversity in terms of geographical locations, demography, as well as the nature of ECCE programmes and services, this was not possible to cover the entire spectrum in this handbook. It is an attempt to represent some acceptable practises demonstrating various aspects of quality. This Pictorial Handbook on Quality in Early Childhood Education will assist ECCE teachers/caregivers, one‘s supervisors, Program Managers, mentors, and trainers in achieving a high level of quality in early childhood programmes across the country.


Collaboration as well as convergence with various departments but also development partners have the potential to improve health services for malnourished women and children. Decentralizing the planning and management of the Anganwadi Services Scheme under the Umbrella ICDS allows States/UT Governments to break away from routine activities and explore potential for new innovations based on local demands. When combined with scientific demands, the innovations would undoubtedly pave the way for replication to be scaled up in other states. Secondary source knowledge on innovation and best practises in Anganwadi Services is abundant, and it has had a significant impact on malnutrition reduction and child care promotion in many states. Some of the innovations may well have a long-term impact if they are implemented in a systematic manner. State/UT governments will be encouraged to conduct need assessments of vulnerable populations and to evaluate innovations/best practises that will produce evidence-based analysis is to improve child development outcomes.



Endnotes and References

  1. “India’s Under-5 Mortality Now Matches Global Average, But Bangladesh, Nepal Do Better”. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  2. ^Jump up to: a b “UNICEF – Respecting the rights of the Indian child”. UNICEF. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  3. ^Kapil U (July 2002). “Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: a program for holistic development of children in India”. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 69 (7): 597–601. doi:1007/bf02722688. PMID 12173700.
  4. ^Jump up to: a b c d e Dhar A (27 January 2011). “Infant mortality rate shows decline”. The Hindu. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012.
  5. ^Jump up to: a b c “The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)”. UNICEF. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  6. ^Jump up to: a b “Supreme Court Commissioners”. Archived from the original on 13 August 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  7. ^“The WHO Child Growth Standards”. World Health Organisation. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  8. ^“Early childhood development and nutrition in India”. Oxford Policy Management. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 11 June2020.
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